Vanbrugh, Sir John

   Dramatist and architect, b. in London of Flemish descent, was in France from 1683 to 1685, studying architecture, for which he had early shown a taste. The next year he got a commission in the army, and in 1690 he was a prisoner first at Vincennes and then in the Bastille. In 1696 he began his dramatic career with The Relapse, which had great success. Æsop followed in 1697, and The Provoked Wife in the same year. The latter was severely handled by Jeremy Collier (q.v.) in his Short View, etc., which produced a vindication by the author. In addition to these he wrote or collaborated in various other plays. His leading features as a dramatist are the naturalness of his dialogue and his lively humour. Like all his contemporaries he is frequently extremely gross. He obtained great fame as an architect, as well as a dramatist. Among his most famous designs are Castle Howard, Blenheim Palace, and Dalkeith Palace. He was knighted by George I., was controller of the Royal works, and succeeded Wren as architect to Greenwich Hospital. In addition to the plays above mentioned V. wrote The Confederacy and The Country House. He was a handsome and jovial person, and highly popular in society.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Vanbrugh, Sir John — (baptized Jan. 24, 1664, London, Eng. died March 26, 1726, London) English dramatist and architect. He began writing while serving as a soldier. He specialized in the comedy of manners; his successful plays include The Relapse (1696) and The… …   Universalium

  • Vanbrugh,Sir John — Van·brugh (vănʹbrə, văn bro͞oʹ), Sir John. 1664 1726. English playwright and architect who wrote The Provok d Wife (produced 1697) and designed Blenheim Palace. * * * …   Universalium

  • Vanbrugh, Sir John — (bautizado el 24 ene. 1664, Londres, Inglaterra–26 mar. 1726, Londres). Dramaturgo y arquitecto inglés. Empezó a escribir mientras servía como soldado en el ejército. Se especializó en la comedia de costumbres; entre sus obras de teatro más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VANBRUGH, SIR JOHN —    dramatist, of uncertain birth; his dramas adaptations from the French of Molière and others; had been a soldier; was Clarencieux King at Arms, and is noted as an architect; d. 1726 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sir John Vanbrigh — noun English architect (1664 1726) • Syn: ↑Vanbrugh, ↑John Vanbrugh • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • VANBRUGH (J.) — VANBRUGH sir JOHN (1664 1726) Personnage déconcertant par la multiplicité de ses activités. Très lié à la haute société anglaise, Vanbrugh œuvra dans le climat de la Restauration du temps de la reine Anne. En étroite collaboration avec Hawksmoor …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • John Vanbrugh — noun English architect (1664 1726) • Syn: ↑Vanbrugh, ↑Sir John Vanbrigh • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer * * * John Vanbrugh [ …   Useful english dictionary

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